Farsightedness (Hyperopia) – Causes, Symptoms, Diagnosis, And Treatment
What is Farsightedness?
Farsightedness (hyperopia) is a vision condition in which close objects appear blurry, while distant objects appear clear. Farsightedness occurs due to a refractive error in the eye.
Mild farsightedness may not cause any problems. However, you may need reading glasses.
What causes Farsightedness?
Farsightedness (myopia) is caused by a refractive error in the eye. Due to this refractive error, the visual image is focused behind the retina instead of directly on it. This condition may be caused by the eyeball being too small or the focusing power being too weak.
Farsightedness is often congenital (present from birth). However, children have a very flexible eye lens, which helps make up for the problem. As children grow, glasses or contact lenses may be needed to correct the vision.
Farsightedness runs in families. This means, if you have family members who are farsighted, you are more likely to become farsighted.
What are the symptoms of Farsightedness?
The following are the symptoms farsightedness(myopia):
- Blurred vision when looking at close objects
- Aching eyes
- Eye strain
- Strabismus (crossed eyes ) in some children
- A headache while reading
How is Farsightedness diagnosed?
Your eye doctor may perform a comprehensive dilated eye examination. The eye doctor can identify farsightedness and other refractive errors during this examination.
The eye doctor may do the following tests to diagnose farsightedness (myopia):
- Refraction test
- Slit-lamp examination
- Eye movement testing
- Retinal examination
- Glaucoma testing
- Visual acuity
How is Farsightedness treated?
Several treatment options are available to correct farsightedness. The main treatment options are eyeglasses, contact lenses, and surgery, such as LASIK surgery. Your eye doctor will help you determine the best course of treatment based on the degree of refractive error, age, lifestyle, and your choice.
Usually, farsightedness can easily be corrected with glasses or contact lenses. Surgery is an option for those who do not wish to wear glasses or contact lenses.
This feature is for informational purposes only and is not intended to substitute the expert guidance of a doctor. We advise seeing a doctor if you have any health concerns.