Female Sexual Dysfundtion – Problems, Causes, Symptoms, Diagnosis, & Treatment
What is female sexual dysfunction?
Female sexual dysfunction refers to recurrent problems with sexual arousal, desire, response, pain, and orgasm. Many women experience sexual dysfunction at some time in their life. This condition causes a lot of distress to a woman and may lead to strained relationship with her partner. Female sexual dysfunction can occur to any woman at any stage of life.
A woman is said to have sexual dysfunction if she is distressed by any of the following:
- Rarely or never have a desire to have sex.
- Avoiding sex with her partner.
- Cannot get aroused or cannot stay aroused during sex even if you want sex.
- Cannot have an orgasm.
- Have pain during sex.
What causes female sexual dysfunction?
The following are the causes of female sexual dysfunction:
- Getting older: a woman’s sex drive often decreases with age. This is normal. It can be a problem when one partner wants sex more often than the other.
- Peri-menopause and menopause: A woman may have less estrogen as she gets older. This can cause thinning of the skin in the vagina and vaginal dryness. Because of this, sex may be painful.
- Some Illnesses cause problems with sex. Illnesses like cancer, bladder or bowel diseases, arthritis, and headaches may cause sexual problems.
- Certain medicines: Some medicines used for blood pressure, depression, and chemotherapy can decrease your sex drive or make it hard to have an orgasm.
- Stress and anxiety
- Relationship problems with your partner.
- Having been sexually abused in the past.
How to Improve Your Sex Life?
Do the following to make sex better and enjoy it:
- Get plenty of rest and eat well.
- Limit alcohol, drugs, and smoking.
- Feel your best. This helps with feeling better about sex.
- Do Kegel exercises. Tighten and relax your pelvic muscles.
- Focus on other sexual activities, not just intercourse.
- Use birth control that works for both you and your partner. Discuss this ahead of time so you are not worried about an unwanted pregnancy.
How to make sex less painful and more enjoyable?
A woman can do the following things to make sex less painful and more enjoyable:
- Spend more time on foreplay. Make sure you are aroused before intercourse.
- Use a vaginal lubricant for dryness.
- Try different positions for intercourse.
- Empty your bladder before sex.
- Take a warm bath to relax before sex.
How is female sexual dysfunction treated?
The doctor will treat you for any other medical problem that may be causing sexual dysfunction. The doctor may recommend the following:
- Change or stop a medicine to help with sex problems.
- May recommend using estrogen tablets or cream to put in and around your vagina. This helps with dryness.
- May refer you to a sex therapist.
- May refer you and your partner for counseling to help with relationship problems or to work out bad experiences you have had with sex.
This feature is for informational purposes only and is not intended to substitute the expert guidance of a doctor. We advise seeing a doctor if you have any health concerns.