Pinguecula – Causes, Symptoms, Diagnosis, And Treatment
What is pinguecula?
A pinguecula is a noncancerous growth that develops on the eye. This growth develops on the conjunctiva, which is the clear, thin tissue that covers the white part of the eye (sclera). This growth occurs in the part of the conjunctiva that is exposed when the eye is open.
What causes pinguecula?
What exactly causes pinguecula is not known to eye doctors and experts. What is known is the tissue in the conjunctiva changes and creates a small bump. This bump sometimes contains fat, calcium, or both. Eye doctors and scientists don’t know why this change occurs. It is thought that frequent exposure to sunlight, dust, or wind may be the causes.Arc-welding is a major job-related risk.
What are the symptoms of pinguecula?
A small, yellowish bump on the conjunctiva near the cornea is the main symptom of pinguecula. It can appear on both sides of the cornea, but it mostly occurs on the nose side. The growth may increase in size over many years.
How is pinguecula diagnosed?
An eye doctor can easily diagnose pinguecula with an eye examination.
How is pinguecula treated?
Pinguecula doesn’t need any treatment if it does not cause any discomfort of vision problems. If it causes any discomfort, the eye doctor will treat and manage it with eye drops. Keeping the eye moist with artificial tears may help prevent the area from becoming inflamed. Temporary use of mild steroid eye drops can also be helpful.
It can be removed surgically if its presence bothers you, but it is rarely done.
This feature is for informational purposes only and is not intended to substitute the expert guidance of a doctor. We advise seeing a doctor if you have any health concerns.