Polymyalgia Rheumatica – Causes, Symptoms, Diagnosis, And Treatment
What is polymyalgia rheumatic?
Polymyalgia rheumatica (PMR) is an inflammatory disorder that causes pain and stiffness around the body. The pain mostly involves the shoulders, arms, neck, and buttock areas. This disease mostly occurs in people over 50 years old.
What causes polymyalgia rheumatic?
What causes polymyalgia rheumatic is not known. PMR is sometimes associated with temporal arteritis. This is a condition, in which blood vessels that supply blood to the head and eye become inflamed. It may occur before or with temporal arteritis.
What are the symptoms of polymyalgia rheumatic?
The most common symptom of PMR is pain and stiffness in both shoulders and the neck. Usually, this pain and stiffness get worse in the morning. This pain may also progress to the hips. Fatigue is another symptom. People affected by it find it increasingly hard to get out of bed and to move around.
The following are the other symptoms of PMR:
- Loss of appetite
- Weight loss
How is polymyalgia rheumatic diagnosed?
There is no standard test to diagnose polymyalgia rheumatic. Doctors usually do a series of blood tests to diagnose PMR. They also usually perform erythrocyte sedimentation rate and (ESR) and C-reactive protein (CRP) to check the level of inflammation in the body.
The doctor may also check the results of the following tests to monitor this condition:
- Abnormal levels of proteins in the blood
- Abnormal level of white blood cells
- Anemia (low blood count)
How is polymyalgia rheumatic treated?
Treatment usually consists of low doses of corticosteroids, such as prednisone to ease the symptoms. Most people start feeling better within a day or two. Treatment usually continues for 1 to 2 years.
This feature is for informational purposes only and is not intended to substitute the expert guidance of a doctor. We advise seeing a doctor if you have any health concerns.