Proctitis – Causes, Symptoms, Diagnosis, And Treatment
What is proctitis?
Proctitis is an inflammation of the lining tissue of the rectum. The rectum is the lower part of the digestive system leading to the anus. Stool passes through the rectum on its way out of the body. This condition can cause discomfort, bleeding, and the discharge of mucus or pus.
What causes proctitis?
There are many causes of proctitis. Sexually transmitted diseases are the most common cause.
The following are the other common causes of proctitis:
- Inflammatory bowel diseases, such as Crohn’s disease and ulcerative colitis
- Injuries to anus or rectum
- Radiation therapy to the pelvic area or lower abdomen
- Non-sexually transmitted infections
- Harmful substances
- Use of certain antibiotics
What are the symptoms of proctitis?
The following are the symptoms of proctitis:
- Rectal bleeding
- Blood in the stools
- Rectal discharge of mucus or pus
- Rectal pain or discomfort
- Tenesmus (pain with a bowel movement)
How is proctitis diagnosed?
The doctor will perform a physical exam and review your symptoms and medical history. He/she may order the following tests:
- Exam of a stool sample
- Rectal culture
How is proctitis treated?
The doctor will treat the cause of the proctitis. Mostly, proctitis will go away when the cause of the problem is treated.
The doctor will treat with antibiotics if an infection is causing the problem.
Corticosteroids, mesalamine suppositories, or enemas may be used to relieve symptoms for some people.
This feature is for informational purposes only and is not intended to substitute the expert guidance of a doctor. We advise seeing a doctor if you have any health concerns.