Rubella (German Measles) – Causes, Symptoms, Diagnosis, And Treatment
What is rubella?
Rubella, also known as the German measles, is an infection caused by the rubella virus. The infection is characterized by a distinctive red rash on the skin. Rubella is a contagious condition. It can be prevented by a vaccine.
What causes rubella?
Rubella is caused by rubella virus that is spread through the air or by close contact. Rubella is also present in infants at birth. This is called congenital rubella. A pregnant woman with rubella can pass the infection to the baby that is still in her womb.
A person with rubella may spread the disease to others from 1 week before the rash begins, until 1 to 2 weeks after the rash disappears.
What are the symptoms of rubella?
Children affected with rubella generally have few symptoms. Adults may have symptoms of fever, headache, malaise (general discomfort), and a runny nose before the rash appears.
Inflammation of the eyes (bloodshot eyes), muscle pain, and joint pain are the other symptoms of rubella.
How is rubella diagnosed?
The doctor will perform a physical exam and review your symptoms. The exam will be focused on finding the rash. The doctor may do a nasal or throat swab culture for diagnosis.
How is rubella treated?
There is no treatment for rubella. The doctor may treat the affected person with medications to relieve the symptoms. He/she may recommend medications to help with pain and fever.
Vaccination can help prevent the disease.
This feature is for informational purposes only and is not intended to substitute the expert guidance of a doctor. We advise seeing a doctor if you have any health concerns.