Splenomegaly – Causes, Symptoms, Diagnosis, And Treatment
What is splenomegaly?
Splenomegaly is a condition of abnormal enlargement of the spleen. The spleen is the largest organ in the lymphatic system, located in the upper left part of the stomach just below the ribcage. It filters the blood and maintains healthy red and white blood cells and platelets.
What are the causes of splenomegaly?
Infections and many other underlying illnesses can cause splenomegaly. The following are some of the many health conditions that can cause splenomegaly:
- Diseases of the blood or lymph system
- Liver diseases
What are the symptoms of splenomegaly?
Sometimes, there are no symptoms from an enlarged spleen. The following are the symptoms of splenomegaly:
- Stomach fullness without eating or after eating a small quantity of food
- Pain in the upper left side of the stomach
- Frequent infections
- Easy bleeding
How is splenomegaly diagnosed?
The doctor will perform a physical exam and review your symptoms and medical history. During the physical exam, the doctor will feel and tap along the upper left part of your stomach, just under the rib cage.
The doctor may order the following tests for diagnosis:
- Abdominal x-ray, ultrasound, or CT scan
- Complete blood count (CBC)
- Liver function tests
How is splenomegaly treated?
As many underlying conditions can cause splenomegaly, treatment depends on what caused it.
This feature is for informational purposes only and is not intended to substitute the expert guidance of a doctor. We advise seeing a doctor if you have any health concerns.