Testicle Lump (Scrotal Mass) – Causes, Symptoms, Diagnosis, And Treatment
What is a testicle lump (scrotal mass)?
A testicle lump or a scrotal mass is swelling or growth in one or both of the testicles. A testicle lump is a very common condition that can occur due to many causes.
A testicle lump (scrotal mass) may be a sign of cancer if it does not cause pain. Mostly, testicular cancer occurs in men ages 15 to 40. It can also occur at older or younger ages.
What causes a testicle lump (scrotal mass)?
Many factors can cause a testicle lump (scrotal mass). Some testicle lumps are painful, and some are not painful.
The following are the possible causes of a painful testicle lump (scrotal mass):
- Infection of the scrotal sac
- Injury or trauma
- Spermatocele (a cyst-like lump in the scrotum that contains fluid and dead sperm cells)
- Orchitis (testicular infection)
- Testicular torsion
- Testicular cancer
The following are the possible causes of testicle lump (scrotal mass) that is not painful:
- Testicular cancer
- A loop of bowel from a hernia
- Cyst of epididymis or testicle
How is a testicle lump (scrotal mass) diagnosed?
Your doctor will perform a physical examination and review the symptoms and past health history. The exam may include looking at and palpating (feeling) the testicles and scrotum. The doctor will ask questions about the size of the lump, how long it has been there etc. He/she will also ask about the symptoms you’re experiencing and how long you’ve felt them.
A doctor can diagnose a testicle lump or scrotal mass during a physical examination. However, the doctor may order the following tests to confirm the diagnosis:
- Ultrasound of the testicle
- Blood test to check for infections, tumor cells, and other problems
- Biopsy of a tissue removed from the testicle
- Screening test for gonorrhea and chlamydia
How is a testicle lump (scrotal mass) treated?
Treatment of a testicle lump or a scrotal mass depends on the cause of the testicle lump. Your doctor may prescribe antibiotics if there is an infection. He/she may also prescribe pain medications or recommend over-the-counter pain relievers.
This feature is for informational purposes only and is not intended to substitute the expert guidance of a doctor. We advise seeing a doctor if you have any health concerns.